Inventory, in terms of economics is defined as the buffer stock maintain by business ventures to counter problems arising from lead time generation, time lag in supply chain and growing needs of business at the time of switching over to the next scale of operation. Inventory may include a business venture’s raw materials, work in process, finished goods and extra supply present in operation. It can be both tangible and intangible.
Maintaining an inventory includes a considerable amount of cost. The cost of inventory may be due factors like pounds, storage space, quality check, wear and tear and any sort of damage including theft. However, cost of inventory management can be broadly divided under two heads- ordering cost and holding cost. Ordering cost remains somehow constant irrespective of the actual value of the product/service to be maintained at inventory. Holding cost varies and depends heavily on the opportunity cost of money.
For effective inventory management, you need to track flawlessly data related to it. It might include a significant amount of record and book keeping. But, you should ensure that the book-keeping process is virtually error-free. Every additions to and reductions from the inventory should be tracked. Proper security should be maintained at inventory to make free from man-made threats like theft.
Inventory management software is of great help in this regard. It automates the process of record keeping at your inventory. Along with it, inventory management software packages have a greater degree of customization to match to the growing needs of your business.
Source by Paul